Over time, the workers’ attitudes became less and less loyal.
existing regime, and the issuance of proclamations has ceased to seem so
reprehensible deed. This position is confirmed by the fact that
1916 the police did not find the slightest trace of the manufacturers and
distributors proclamations that were most likely in the village
Bezhitsa. Moreover, only single copies fell into the hands of the police.
proclamations that undoubtedly multiplied using
hectograph in a fairly large number. Obviously, the main part
Circulation remained in the hands of workers. Given the repeated release
proclamations, all this would be impossible with a uniquely negative
attitudes of the working environment towards persons conducting underground activities.
It should be noted that after the decline of the wave of uncritical patriotism among
Bryansk workers continued to exist quite a clear hierarchy
interests. National goals, above all the victory over the enemy, had
In the same place, l.19. Interrogation report of the Bryansk district police officer. 03.12. 1916 41 Ibid, op.244, d.9, p.54-g, l.9. Submission of the Head of the OGUU to the Police Department. 19.09. 1914 221
in the eyes of the workers, a distinct advantage over the protection of their own
economic interests, which was postponed until the end of the war.
Closer with the problem of protecting the economic interests of workers
another revolutionary group that existed in Bezhitsa came into contact.
In the working environment, the most active individuals, determined to fight
to defend their economic interests. The police called them “the group
organized workers which united around the literary circle
under the Sobriety Society of the Bryansk plant. It is the members of this group.
were representatives from the workers in negotiations with the factory administration
during the strike in April-May 1916, which gave the police grounds
attributed to the “Group of Organized Workers” the leadership of the strike. 9
a person from the group was arrested43.
Based on the above, the revolutionary movement in
provinces during the war can be estimated very modestly. His main feature
there was a fragmentation. One group did underground work, another
issued proclamations, the third led the strike. All these groups are not
intersected with each other, were few. They had to work
in a hostile philistine environment that retained loyalty
existing system and it was expected from him effective measures to
improve their position. Mass consciousness did not perceive
existing social and political orders as unequivocally
unfair, not sharing opinions about the need for their fundamental change.
A limited circle of young revolution Oryol with all his
wish could not turn the tide. Participants as Oryol and
Bezhetsk group did not even have solid ideological attitudes.
Perhaps the fact of their own
antigovernment activity, “political unreliability”.